Guide Library

Learn more about taking care of your skin with the Clearogen Problem Skin Guide. Ranging from Microdermabrasion to advanced skincare therapies , we will help you find the ideal professional support for your skin. Clearogen has all the answers that your skin may need.

What is a Blackhead?

Blackheads are those annoying little blackish or yellowish bumps embedded in the pores of our skin. Medical practitioners classify blackheads as a type of problem skin condition, called open comedones. Blackheads are the first stage of acne, before bacteria invade the pore and cause infection and inflammation. These lesions typically develop after puberty, once hormones start surging in the body and skin. The excess hormones in the skin result in the stimulation of the oil glands in the skin (sebaceous glands), leading to excess oil production in the pore, which is why many teenagers experience problem skin. The excess oil gets trapped in the pore, resulting in a ball of accumulated oil which when exposed to air turns black in color. A few blackhead causes include excess topical oils and makeup. While blackheads are present in just about any skin type, they just vary in visibility and levels; they are most likely to develop on people with very oily skin. It is important to understand that although many people believe only teenagers get blackheads and clogged pores, many people suffer from adult problem skin that begins in their twenties, or continues on through the teen years into adulthood.

This is not to say that only people with oily skin are prone to having blackheads. If you use a lot of makeup and fail to cleanse your skin properly, the chances of blackhead formation is high. This is why frequent skin checks and deep skin cleansing are necessary to keep clogged pores from progressing into ugly black dots on your face. However, you must also keep in mind that blackheads can appear on any other part of your body, even your arms, chest, back and butt.

Common blackhead causes

Blackhead problem skin usually develops if your skin produces too much oil. With the start of puberty, hormones in the body increase, leading to the production of the hormone by-product Dihydrotestosterone (or DHT). This hormone causes the over-activity of the oil gland and plugging of the pore, resulting in blackheads. Blackhead problem skin can also be aggravated if you leave your skin dirty and dead cells accumulate within your open pores. The dead cells plug the pore opening, resulting in oil build-up within the pore. Too much makeup can also block the pore, as can the excessive use of moisturisers, foundations and sunscreens.

Therefore, the rule of thumb is: Anything you put on your skin must be rinsed off thoroughly to avoid future problems, and good hygiene is key. But you must be careful about this rule, as over-cleansing and over-scrubbing has also been found to be one of the causes of skin problems and irritation. Keep in mind that our skin also needs some amount of oil to stay healthy. There really is no need to get all the oil out and too much scrubbing of the skin will result in reflex over activity of the oil gland, increased oil production and plugging of the pore, thus aggravating the problem skin and formation of blackheads.

Blackheads grow

Even if you do not see blackheads on your skin, it is still recommended that you cleanse regularly to prevent the formation of blackheads. Initial symptoms of blackheads are not visible to the naked eye. If your skin is left unclean, these yellow beginnings of blackheads can invite more dirt and eventually grow into little black hard bumps that are more difficult to extract. Therefore, a periodic cleansing regimen is in order.

How do I get rid of blackheads?

You can extract blackheads yourself if there is no infection present. Just make sure you use sterile materials and do so in a clean environment. You can begin by steaming your skin for a while over a bowl of warm water to loosen the pores and make the extraction process less painful. Be careful not to scald yourself. If you’re in doubt about your blackhead-removing abilities or if the area looks too sensitive to tinker with, visit a professional instead. Aestheticians and dermatologists offer deep cleansing facial treatments designed to keep blackheads and whiteheads away. The cost of beauty is way too high to gamble with. It would be best to leave the dirty work to the experts.

What causes a Pimple?

Pimple Facts, Information About Pimples and Pimple Remedies
Pimples are small skin lesions or follicular inflammation commonly caused by clogged pores which become infected. Pimple outbreaks are usually a sign of impending problem skin, but there are other pimple causes as well, such as bacterial folliculitis, keratosis pilaris and other skin conditions. If left unattended, they can multiply and lead to severe problem skin. They can even leave annoying scars on your skin if they are not treated immediately. Pimples usually develop after blackheads or whiteheads become inflamed and infected.

A majority of teenagers and adolescents experience pimple outbreaks. This happens when the skin tries to adjust to hormonal changes that typically occur during puberty. However, even adults can have pimples, especially those who are most exposed to dirt and experience a lot of stress. Women typically develop pimple outbreaks before or during their menstrual cycle when their hormones surge.

What are common pimple causes?

Our skin has tiny pores that are connected to oil glands. Once these oil glands are blocked, either by dirt or obstructed by abrasions and infections, the oily substance (called sebum) they excrete then blocks the hair follicles, causing pimple outbreaks. Most importantly, elevation of hormone levels during puberty or the menstrual cycle results in the hormone by-product called DHT. This hormone by-product over-stimulates the oil gland and results in a plugging of the pore that leads to inflamed skin eruptions or pimples. To address this, there are creams and acne products ointments available over the counter which you can use topically. However, if pimples seem to be getting worse, it is recommended that you go see a dermatologist or skin expert immediately. You must keep in mind, though, that pimples are not deadly. Pimple remedies definitely exist.

However, poor complexion can be a real nuisance to your social life and affect your self-esteem.

What are some pimple remedies?

One of the best pimple remedies is addressing the problem even before it starts. That is, by sticking to a regular skin cleansing regimen to rid your pores of unwanted debris and dirt. The easier it is for your skin to breathe, the fewer pimples you’ll have. It requires a lot of discipline and patience, yes, but you will be thankful in the long run.
However, if you already have pimple problems, here are some things you can do on your own.

Don’t squeeze your pimples or attempt extractions yourself where infection is present. This could lead to further infection and scarring. Also, avoid touching your face and pimples often. Increased friction on the pimple will cause it to close up further, making extraction a lot more difficult.

Buy oil-free and antibacterial cleansers made especially to combat pimple outbreaks. Be careful not to over-scrub, though, as your skin still needs its natural oils to stay healthy. If you dry it out too much, another set of pimple outbreaks could occur. Cleanse deeply, but moderately. Switching from one cleansing product to another might also cause allergies and other skin problems.

A primary cause of pustular breakouts (pimples) are hormonal shift  and therefore breakouts will go away once the hormone irregularity is corrected. There really is no need to panic, just buy an anti-DHT problem skin treatment product and use it as directed.

If you really can’t resist squeezing pimples, make sure you do so under sanitary conditions. Only extract whiteheads or blackheads. If red pimples and pustules are manipulated, they may result in scarring and the spread of problem skin. Use sterile materials and wash your hands thoroughly before you pop. Extract gently and then clean and disinfect the area with a cotton swab or tissue after. If you can’t pop it, leave it alone. A dermatologist or an aesthetician may be able to help you, especially before an important party or engagement, by injecting a mild steroid called Kenalog. This injection can make the breakout disappear in 6-20 hours.

If your pimples continue to recur, it could be a sign of chronic breakouts due to high levels of DHT in your skin. If over the counter medications are not helping, then consult your doctor immediately before the breakout gets aggravated.

Dr. Alex Khadavi is an expert in the field of dermatology. He is an esteemed writer on the topic of skin care and a leader in addressing acne and problem skin in adults and teens.

Find the right acne solution

Nobody is exempt from developing a breakout at some point in his or her life. Normally, skin disturbances occur during adolescence when hormones are at their raging peak, but it can also develop during premenstrual and menopausal periods. It does not know any race, gender, social status, lifestyle or age.

Breakouts are often worst during the teenage years, when we are all still trying to figure out our place in society. Because of the proliferation of advertisements lauding clear-skinned models and celebrities, people who develop problem skin are likely to feel alienated and lost in the crowd. Often, people who have chronic breakouts choose not to mingle and make friends, for fear of being criticized or, worse, laughed at by their peers. Breakouts and problem skin can be treated!

Tracking the numbers

According to statistics, over 50% of adults are prone to problem skin, while around 90% of individuals aged 12 to 24 are susceptible. So if you suffer from chronic or acute breakouts, you are not alone. Almost everybody has it, and finding an problem skin acne solution or treatment can be hard.

The key causes of chronic or acute breakouts are your genes and hormonal changes. However, a person’s environment, stress level and an improper diet can make problem skin worse. Breakouts or skin eruptions occur when the oil glands secrete oil in excess oil called sebum, thereby blocking the pores and preventing the skin from naturally cleaning itself and breathing properly. Once the pore is plugged by the excessive oil, the follicle is either inflamed or non-inflamed. An inflamed follicle is also called a pimple, or pustule and when the blockage happens deep inside the skin a nodule called a cyst forms. Cysts are a painful manifestation of infection deep inside the follicle and should never be squeezed, however using ice cubes to accelerate blood circulation to the cystic nodules will speed up the healing process. A non-inflamed follicle is known as a blackhead or sebum plug (comedone). This is all caused by the hormone Dihydrotestosterone (or DHT) which stimulates the oil glands to expel too much oil. If we do not reduce DHT in the skin, DHT levels could further rise and accumulate in the skin, resulting in severe problem skin.

Although cleansing the skin is important, the reduction of DHT will result in the best problem skin. treatment and prevention.

An effective method of reducing the risk of breakouts and problem skin is by avoiding stress, reducing the intake of stimulants, avoiding preservatives and colourants which may aggravate the skin. A happy person generally has better, healthier skin. Besides, keeping a positive outlook in life will not only do well against skin problems; it also keeps your adrenaline levels low and mood up throughout the day.

Some doctors recommend frequent cleansing with substances containing either sulfur or zinc, or eating foods rich in in these elements. In fact, several studies have shown that a daily dose of vitamins high vitamin A and zinc can help keep problem skin at bay.

Problem skin treatment with Clearogen

Clinically proven to combat and reduce DHT levels, Clearogen has made its mark in the dermatologic field as an effective over the counter anti-blemish solution. How does it do so? It nips the problem at the bud by targeting the root cause of problem skin: DHT hormones.

Clearogen is problem skin treatment that works by controlling the production and binding of DHT in the skin. By controlling DHT levels in the skin, the oil glands will produce a balanced level of oil within the skin preventing the clogging of the pore. This provides the healthiest environment for the oil gland while preventing problem skin formation. Made of natural botanical ingredients, Clearogen is the first anti-blemish solution that thwarts breakouts at the first sign of development. Not only does it prevent problem skin but the powerful natural ingredients calm problem skin and irritated skin to bring out the healthy appearance of every skin type. Therefore, don’t fear, the answer to a clear skin does exist-and for the long term. Simply ask your practitioner, dermatologist, skincare therapist or local pharmacist about Clearogen.

Dr. Khadavi is an expert on problem skin and dermatology, and writes regularly on the field of skin care and is a leader addressing problem skin in adults.

Using a pore cleanser

Pore Cleanser Advice and Usage: A pore cleanser is a pore cleaner tool used to get rid of excess dirt and oil from your skin, particularly your face and nose. While several over-the-counter facial washes also refer to themselves as pore cleansing tool, this article discusses how to clean pores with the dirt suction tool itself. This pore cleansing device promises to leave your skin a whole lot cleaner after each treatment.

The suction level of pore cleansers is low, so you don’t need to worry about injuring your skin. It only targets the dirt and accumulated grime embedded in your pores. Regularly washing your face does help keep your skin clean and healthy. However, the frequent use of pore cleansing tools will help you prevent problem skin in the future, because such tools are able to reach deep down into areas lather-based products can’t.

How to clean pores

To get the best results with a pore cleanser tool, it’s important to use it when the opening of the pore is relaxed. You can do this by steaming your face over hot water to loosen them up. Don’t steam for too long as this may sensitise your skin. A hot shower also works if you’re not really keen on hunching over a basin of hot water.

Clean your face thoroughly first before you begin extracting. Make sure no excess dirt or makeup is left on your face before you relax the pores, as this can aggravate the situation and result in pimples (which are a lot more annoying!) It’s recommended that you use pore cleansers around two to three times a week. Using a pore cleansing tool every day is not only tedious but might also cause other infections and inflammations.

Problem skin treatment with Clearogen

Much of the embedded dirt can be found in our cheeks, nose, forehead and chin, so these are the areas you need to concentrate on with pore cleansers. Try not to use the pore cleanser tool on your hairline and eye areas, because your skin is likely to be thinner there. Picking pimples in these areas can lead to scarring.

After a pore cleansing tool, be sure to disinfect and apply moisturiser to soothe your skin. It may feel a little red and tender after the treatment. Some of the blackheads and whiteheads on our skin are so embedded that it will take a while to get them out, even with a fully steamed face and a very good pore cleansing tool.

When using a pore cleanser tool, don’t force the dirt out if you can’t do it in one or two tries. You are not a skin expert and this job is best left to the professionals. Once you’ve started on a pore cleansing regimen, you’ll notice that your skin will become brighter and softer in about two to three weeks. Results vary, though, but you will definitely see improvement. Users of pore cleansers have sworn to their effectiveness in gaining softer and brighter skin.

Dr. Khadavi is an expert on problem skin and dermatology, and writes regularly on the field of skin care and is a leader addressing problem skin  in adults.

Microdermabrasion Treatment

Microdermabrasion is effective for reducing fine lines, “crow’s feet,” age spots and scars from chronic breakouts. It is also effective for treating dull skin, hyperpigmentation, removing black heads, and whiteheads and for reducing oily skin. Microdermabrasion stimulates the production of new skin cells and collagen.

Microdermabrasion has proven to be a very popular nonsurgical cosmetic procedure. Some benefits of microdermabrasion are:

list-icon Leaves the skin with a fresh, healthy glow.

clearogen-list-icon Non surgical, safe, effective procedure.

clearogen-list-icon Treatment can be used on all skin colors and skin types.

clearogen-list-icon No anesthetic required.

clearogen-list-icon Normal activities can be resumed immediately.

clearogen-list-icon Reduces pore size, improves post breakout scars.

clearogen-list-icon Improves skin tone.

Other things to take into consideration when choosing microdermabrasion treatments or microdermabrasion kits:

You may require multiple sessions and maintenance treatments. An individualized skin care program may be recommended to maximise results from microdermabrasion.

How does microdermabrasion work? Microdermabrasion uses a device that shoots tiny crystals across the surface of the skin, mixing gentle abrasion with suction that sucks away the dead skin cells, blackheads and whiteheads. Each microdermabrasion treatment can take between 30 minutes to an hour. The number of microdermabrasion treatments recommended for maximal results can range between 5 and 12. Microdermabrasion treatments are usually spaced from 2 to 3 weeks apart.

Microdermabrasion may be combined with other skin treatments such as light chemical peels. A light chemical peel will remove the dead skin cells from the skin’s surface layer and re-stimulate the regenerative process. Peels are derived from fruit, vinegar and sugar cane and include glycolic acid, TCA, and salicylic acid.

High doses of vitamins including vitamin A can also be added during microdermabrasion treatment to boost the skin renewal cycle. Microdermabrasion is not a new technique. It was first used in Europe and adopted by United States in the late 1990s. Today, microdermabrasion and microdermabrasion kits are used effectively to resurface skin, prone to breakouts, fine wrinkles, stretch marks, and scars left from mild to moderate problem skin. Caution must be practiced when using abrasive methods to exfoliate problem skin prone to breakouts. Excessive stimulation on the surface of the skin may encourage stimulation of oil, aggravating skin eruptions due to excessive oil.

Acne Solution

Pimples, pustules, cysts and blackheads are skin lesions that occur on the face, neck or the back as a result of the effect hormones have on oil glands in the skin known as sebaceous glands.  The condition usually affects young people between the ages of 12 and 25 due to changes in the hormone levels in the body.

What are the causes of adult breakouts? Problem skin occurs when the pores get blocked as a result of the excessive secretion of the sebaceous fluid. As indicated above, acne is common among adolescents, but is also prevalent amongst adults Treating problem skin can be a frustrating experience no matter your age.

Problem skin  in adults may be classified into three types

clearogen-list-icon Problem skin that recurs after the adolescent stage

clearogen-list-icon Problem skin that appears for the first time in the adulthood and

clearogen-list-icon Problem skin that appears during times of high hormonal changes like in the case of a pregnancy and consumption of birth control pills.

Acne that appears for the first time in adulthood needs medical diagnosis. In many cases, treating acne at the root cause with an anti-DHT formula is an effective solution.

Causes of Problem skin (Acne)

There are many culprits that contribute to problem skin. Oral medications, hormonal changes in the body, stress and pregnancy can all be causes of adult breakouts. Compared to teenage breakouts, adult skin problems can be more difficult to treat. The popular belief that chocolates and oily foods cause problem skin is actually inaccurate, and they actually do not have much influence in the formation of problem skin. However, certain foods and beverages may contain stimulants which encourage a higher release of adrenalin in the body, an instigator for DHT production and cortisol levels.

Treating Problem skin (Acne)

Severe cases of breakouts should be treated by dermatologists though family physicians or general practitioners can treat normal cases. The goal of treating problem skin is to eliminate the existing pots and prevent its recurrence. Medications used to treat breakouts are intended to avoid the clumping of the cells in the follicles, control the bacteria, reduce inflammation and reduce the oil production in the glands. Medicines or drugs may be topical or taken orally, or a combination of both. Most common over the counter topical medicines used for treating breakouts contain benzoyl peroxide, resorcinol, salicylic acid and Sulphur.

All these medicines are available in a variety of bases like gels, creams, soaps and lotions. While the benzoyl peroxide helps to reduce the oil production and also as a bacterium-killing agent, the remaining drugs are used to remove the blackheads and reduce inflammation. All problem skin treatments need to be used continually in order to prevent problem skin lesions from recurring.

Clearogen Anti-blemish Cleanser is to be used daily to reduce dirt, make-up and sebaceous oil build-up in the pores.

Clearogen Anti-blemish Toner balances oil production in the skin while reducing pore size.

Clearogen Anti-Blemish Lotion reduces redness and inflammation on the skin while preventing DHT production and DHT attachment to the sebaceous gland. The most effective topical products for treating breakouts are anti-DHT products that control problem skin  by eliminating the ability of DHT to cause excessive oil within the sebaceous glands. More resources on treating problem skin  can be found at the American Academy of Dermatology website.